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With so many popular Boston neighborhoods filled with history, it was necessary to split this list into two parts. You can check out the first part of how the neighborhoods of Boston got their names here. Let’s continue the list and look at a few more.


This Boston neighborhood used to be stockyards and rail yards for Brighton. It did have a post office, however, and a large amount of woodlands.

A man named Washington Allston spent quite a bit of time hiking the woodlands. He was a painter and lived in Cambridge. When Boston annexed this area in 1874, they decided to name it after Washington Allston.

Back Bay

Back Bay

The name “Back Bay” comes from the largest urban infrastructure project in the history of the United States from 1857 to 1882. About 450 acres of the pestilential tidal basin was filled and it became known as the Back Bay.

Bay Village

Once, Bay Village was known as the Church Street District. It was also known as Kerry Village and some called it South Cove. However, the proximity to Back Bay caused the name of Bay Village to stick.

The neighborhood was created in the 1820s as a collection of homes for those building the tonier in Beacon Hill. It shares many of the same architectural features as buildings found in Beacon Hill.


Another neighborhood gaining its’ name from England, Charlestown was named for King Charles I. He was on the losing side of the English Civil War.

Many Europeans settled into the area in 1629, about 20 years before King Charles I lost his head. Until 1874, it was an independent municipality.

Hyde Park

The southernmost neighborhood of Boston, Hyde Park was added during the annexation in 1912. It’s named after a park found in London, which dates all the way back to the 1630s.


A Neponset Native American word meaning “a good place to be,” Mattapan gets its’ name from this Native American word. It was annexed into Boston in 1870.

Mission Hill

It was once called Parker Hill, but the name was changed when the Basilica and Shrine of Our Lady of Perpetual Help were created. This Basilica and Shrine were also known as the Mission Church.

Originally, Mission Hill was a part of Roxbury but became a part of Boston in 1868.

South Boston

South Boston

It seems like this one would be obvious, but the area now known as South Boston was once called Dorchester Neck. When it was annexed into Boston in 1804, it became known as South Boston because of the southern location.

The Leather District

A pretty obvious name for an area that was once known for leather manufacturing, The Leather District gets its’ name from the many leather manufacturing facilities once found here.

Plenty of unique neighborhoods are found all throughout Boston and the names they were given have stories. These neighborhood names and the ones found in Part 1 of this blog series shed a little light on some of the history behind the naming of the most popular Boston neighborhoods.

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